Who are Taiwan’s formal diplomatic allies?

China has stepped up pressure on Taiwan since Tsai Ing-wen was first elected president of the self-ruled island in 2016.

Harold Burgos, Honduras ambassador to Taiwan, arriving at the foreign ministry in Taipei. He is wearing a suit and dark glasses, and is being filmed by the media.
Honduras ambassador to Taiwan, Harold Burgos, arrives at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Taipei after the country's president said it might recognise the People's Republic of China [Ann Wang/Reuters]

Honduras has said it is looking to open formal diplomatic ties with the People’s Republic of China.

The country has formal links with Taiwan and would have to break that relationship if it decided to recognise China, which views the self-governed island of 23 million people as its own territory with no right to state-to-state ties.

China has stepped up efforts to isolate the self-ruled island diplomatically since Tsai Ing-wen was first elected president in 2016.

At that time, Taiwan had formal ties with 22 states. Now that number is 14.

The Prime Minister of Tuvalu Kausea Natano at an official welcoming ceremony in Taipei. He is walking with Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen past soldiers in ceremonial dress of blue uniforms with white hats and gloves
Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen welcoming Tuvalu Prime Minister Kausea Natano to Taipei last September [File: Ann Wang/Reuters]

Below are the countries that still maintain formal links with Taiwan.




The Vatican

Latin America and the Caribbean






Saint Kitts and Nevis

Saint Lucia

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

The Eswatini king accompanied by Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen during an official visit to Taipei last year.
Taiwan President Tsai Ing-wen welcomed King Mswati III of Eswatini to the self-ruled island in October last year. Eswatini is Taiwan’s only formal ally in Africa [File: Ann Wang/Reuters]


Marshall Islands




Source: Al Jazeera