US baseball: Negro Leagues elevated to ‘Major League’ status
Major League Baseball says reclassification of the 1920-1948 leagues a correction of a ‘longtime oversight’.
Major League Baseball (MLB) has elevated the so-called “Negro Leagues” of 1920 through 1948 to “Major League” status, MLB said on Wednesday, calling the move a correction of “a longtime oversight”.
The records and statistics of the Negro Leagues, in which Black players competed after being forced out of MLB competition due to racism and “Jim Crow” segregation laws, will be incorporated into MLB history, a century after the formal introduction of the leagues.
The leagues had been excluded when the Special Committee on Baseball Records in 1969 identified six official “major leagues” dating to 1876.
“In the minds of baseball fans worldwide, this serves as historical validation for those who had been shunned from the Major Leagues and had the foresight and courage to create their own league that helped change the game and our country too,” Bob Kendrick, president of the Negro Leagues Baseball Museum in Kansas City, Missouri, said in a statement.
“For historical merit, today it is extraordinarily important. Having been around so many of the Negro League players, they never looked to @MLB to validate them. But for fans and for historical sake, this is significant, it really is” – @nlbmprez pic.twitter.com/wOu4HJRTFN
— Negro Leagues Baseball Museum KC (@NLBMuseumKC) December 16, 2020
MLB said it was working with the Elias Sports Bureau to review the move’s “ramifications on statistics and records”.
About 3,400 players competed in the seven Negro Leagues from 1920 through 1948 but were denied equal recognition to their white counterparts long after Jackie Robinson became the first Black player in MLB’s modern era in 1945. There was no standard method of record-keeping for the Negro Leagues, but there are enough box scores to stitch together some of its statistical past.
“The perceived deficiencies of the Negro Leagues’ structure and scheduling were born of MLB’s exclusionary practices, and denying them Major League status has been a double penalty, much like that exacted of Hall of Fame candidates prior to Satchel Paige’s induction in 1971,” said John Thorn, MLB’s official historian.
Prominent players such as Monte Irvin, Satchel Paige, Josh Gibson are expected to see significant bumps in their career statistics. Gibson, in particular, is estimated by some to have hit over 800 home runs during his 16 seasons in the Negro Leagues, although the lacking records mean it is unlikely he will pass current career record-holder Barry Bonds’ 762 home runs.
Paige, a five-time All-Star in his roughly two decades in the Negro Leagues, was the first man elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame by the Negro League Committee in 1971.
“All of us who love baseball have long known that the Negro Leagues produced many of our game’s best players, innovations and triumphs against a backdrop of injustice,” said MLB Commissioner Robert Manfred.
“We are now grateful to count the players of the Negro Leagues where they belong: as Major Leaguers within the official historical record.”