The International Olympic Committee (IOC), which held a second video call with the Chinese player, has faced criticism for its handling of the situation amid concerns about the player’s safety.
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The Women’s Tennis Association’s (WTA) made the decision over what its chairman Steve Simon called enduring “serious doubts” about the safety of Peng.
Simon reiterated his calls for China to conduct “a full and transparent investigation – without censorship” into Peng’s claim that former Vice Premier Zhang Gaoli “forced” her into sex.
The WTA’s move to suspend its tournaments in China, including Hong Kong, won the backing of some of the biggest names in tennis, including men’s number one Novak Djokovic and women’s tour founder Billie Jean King.
The decision could potentially cost the WTA hundreds of millions of dollars because China is one of its biggest markets.
Djokovic called the WTA’s stance “very bold and very courageous”, while 12-time Grand Slam singles winner King tweeted that the WTA was “on the right side of history”.
Tennis great Martina Navratilova challenged the IOC to respond, writing on Twitter that “so far I can barely hear you!!!”
China will host the Beijing Winter Olympics in February.
The IOC, whose president Thomas Bach spoke to Peng for 30 minutes on November 21 in one of the first contacts that a Western organisation had with her, said it had held a second call on Wednesday.
The call had confirmed that Peng “appeared to be safe and well, given the difficult situation she is in”, the IOC said.
Bach faced criticism after the first call for failing to make demands about Peng’s safety and the IOC defended its approach in a statement on Thursday.
“We are using ‘quiet diplomacy’ which, given the circumstances and based on the experience of governments and other organisations, is indicated to be the most promising way to proceed effectively in such humanitarian matters,” the IOC said.
But the uncertainty over Peng has reignited calls for a diplomatic boycott of the Beijing Games over China’s human rights record.
“In good conscience, I don’t see how I can ask our athletes to compete there when Peng Shuai is not allowed to communicate freely and has seemingly been pressured to contradict her allegation of sexual assault,” Simon said.
Michael Caster, a human rights activist, expressed praise for the WTA for what he said were its efforts to combat China’s attempts to cover up the incident.
“The fact that the Women’s Tennis Association has shown more credibility than the International Olympic Committee or for that matter more credibility than Interpol in resisting these types of clearly scripted and coerced performances from China is shocking,” Caster told Al Jazeera.
“It shows how far we need to go still. The fact that the IOC or Interpol have been turned into tools for China’s propaganda whereas the WTO has resisted it really is a mark for the WTA.”
The Chinese Tennis Association on Thursday expressed “indignation and firm opposition” to the WTA’s announcement, state-owned newspaper Global Times reported.
And Chinese foreign ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said the country was “firmly opposed to acts politicising sport”.
The 35-year-old Peng, a doubles champion at Wimbledon and the French Open, has been at the centre of international concern for the past month.
She was not seen for weeks following her allegations on the Twitter-like Weibo platform that Zhang, now in his 70s, coerced her into sex during a years-long on-off relationship.
Her allegations, posted on November 2, were quickly scrubbed from the internet in China and online discussions about them remain censored. Zhang has not responded.
The Global Times on Thursday accused the WTA in an editorial posted only on Twitter of “an exaggerated show” and “forcing [Peng] to complain in accordance with the imagination and expectations of Western public opinion.”
Peng’s claims against Zhang were the first time China’s #MeToo movement has touched the highest echelons of the ruling Communist Party.
State media have pointed to an email attributed to Peng and photos of her at a Beijing tennis event as evidence of her safety.
Simon said he still had “serious doubts that she is free, safe, and not subject to censorship, coercion, and intimidation”.
The European Union, the United Nations, the United States and the United Kingdom have all called for proof of Peng’s whereabouts and wellbeing.
Millions of dollars
Next year’s WTA schedule had not yet been announced, but China looks unlikely to be hosting major international sport – except the Olympics – any time soon because of its strict coronavirus policies.
In 2019, China hosted 10 WTA events with total prize money topping $30m.
Speaking on CNN, Simon said he had been unable to contact Peng directly despite multiple attempts.
Asked if the WTA had been contacted by any corporate sponsors of the Olympics or other sports with big business in China, such as the NBA, Simon said: “We haven’t heard from the partners involved in the Olympics and other properties involved in China.
“Our position here is very, very clear: I can only imagine the range of emotions and feelings that are likely going through Peng right now.
“We hope that she feels that none of this is her fault and that we’re very proud of her.”