Russia and the United States gave no sign that they had narrowed their differences on Ukraine and wider European security in talks in Geneva, as Moscow repeated demands that Washington says it cannot accept.
Russia has massed troops near Ukraine’s border while demanding that the US-led NATO alliance rule out admitting the former Soviet state or expanding further into what Moscow sees as its back yard.
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“Unfortunately we have a great disparity in our principled approaches to this. The US and Russia in some ways have opposite views on what needs to be done,” Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov told reporters.
Talks lasted for more than seven hours in Geneva on Monday. Ryabkov said Russian officials “had the impression that the American side took Russian proposals very seriously”.
Deputy US Secretary of State Wendy Sherman said: “We were firm … in pushing back on security proposals that are simply non-starters to the United States.”
Sherman told reporters she had offered “a number of ideas where our two countries could take reciprocal action that would be in our security interest and improve strategic stability”.
US warning over invasion
Washington and Kyiv say the 100,000 Russian troops moved to striking distance could be preparing a new invasion, eight years after Russia seized the Crimean Peninsula from Ukraine.
If Russia invades, “there will be significant costs and consequences, well beyond what they faced in 2014”, Sherman said.
Russia denies any such plans and says it is responding to what it calls aggressive behaviour from NATO and Ukraine, which has tilted toward the West and aspires to join the alliance.
Ryabkov denounced US threats of action against Russia as “attempts at blackmail and intimidation”, but said Moscow was “for the continuation of dialogue”.
“I don’t think the situation is hopeless,” he said.
Ryabkov also repeated a set of sweeping demands including a ban on further NATO expansion and an end to the alliance’s activity in the central and eastern European countries that joined it after 1997.
He said it was absolutely “mandatory” for Russia to ensure that Ukraine never became a NATO member.
Sherman said: “We will not allow anyone to slam closed NATO’s open-door policy, which has always been central to the NATO alliance.”
“We will not forego bilateral cooperation with sovereign states that wish to work with the United States, and we will not make decisions about Ukraine without Ukraine, about Europe without Europe, or about NATO without NATO.”
Petro Burkovskiy, a senior fellow at the Democratic Initiatives Foundation, said Russia had three “goals” in Monday’s negotiations.
Among these goals is to “undermine trust in the United States among the European countries”, and to show “defiance of any future sanctions,” Burkovskiy told Al Jazeera.
Russia also wanted to “demonstrate if sanctions are implemented, that it will retaliate selectively” through European nations – like Germany or Italy “reducing or cutting off gas supplies”, he said.
But the most important goal right now for Russia is to “discourage the United States from arming central European nations that joined NATO,” Burkovskiy added.
“This message was made today very clearly.”