China’s Foreign Minister Wang Yi has urged Myanmar’s military to hold talks with its opponents as he made his first visit to the country since last year’s coup.
In a statement on Sunday, Wang, who was in Myanmar to attend a regional meeting, said he expected all parties to “adhere to rational consultation” and “strive to achieve political reconciliation”.
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He also told the military-appointed Foreign Minister Wunna Maung Lwin that “China sincerely hopes that Myanmar will be politically and socially stable”.
The top Chinese diplomat was in Myanmar’s central city of Bagan for a meeting of the Lancang-Mekong Cooperation group, which includes Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam.
The grouping is a Chinese-led initiative that includes the countries of the Mekong Delta, a potential source of regional tensions due to an increasing number of hydroelectric projects that are altering the flow and raising concerns of ecological damage. China has built 10 dams along the upper stretch of the Mekong, the part it calls the Langcang.
Major General Zaw Min Tun, spokesman for Myanmar’s military, told a news conference in the capital, Naypyidaw, on Friday that the attendance of the foreign ministers at the meeting was a recognition of Myanmar’s sovereignty and its government.
He said the ministers will sign memorandums of understanding and contracts. He did not elaborate.
It was not clear whether Wang would meet Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, the head of the military government.
Myanmar’s military seized power from the elected government of Aung San Suu Kyi on February 1, 2021. It was quickly met by non-violent nationwide demonstrations and triggered armed resistance that some United Nations experts now characterise as a civil war.
According to a detailed list compiled by the Assistance Association for Political Prisoners, 2,053 civilians have died in the crackdown on the resistance movement.
Wang last visited Myanmar to meet Aung San Suu Kyi just three weeks before the military removed her.
China is Myanmar’s biggest trading partner and an old ally. Beijing has invested billions of dollars in Myanmar’s mines, oil and gas pipelines and other infrastructure and is its major arms supplier, together with Russia.
Many in Myanmar suspect China of supporting the military takeover, and Beijing has refused to condemn the army’s power grab.
China says it follows a policy of non-interference in other countries’ affairs.
The foreign minister of Myanmar’s shadow government, which opposes the ruling military council, protested against the Bagan meeting, saying any such efforts in partnership with Myanmar’s military violate the will of the people and undermine community building.
The statement said holding the foreign ministers’ meeting in Myanmar is in direct opposition to a peace plan by the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN).
Myanmar, although a member of ASEAN, has done little to implement the plan and its stonewalling led fellow ASEAN members to block government leaders from attending major ASEAN meetings.
Since the military seized power, Chinese special envoy Sun Guoxiang has visited Myanmar twice, and Wang has met his Myanmar counterpart, Wunna Maung Lwin, twice in China.