Turkey offers to mediate in Ukraine nuclear plant standoff

Fighting around the Russian-occupied Zaporizhzhia nuclear plant in Ukraine is stoking fears of an atomic disaster.

This handout satellite image shows the Zaporizhzhia nuclear power plant in Enerhodar
A satellite image shows the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant in Enerhodar, with damage to the roof of a building adjacent to several of the nuclear reactors [Handout/Maxar Technologies/AFP]

Turkey’s President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has offered to mediate in the standoff over a Russian-occupied nuclear power station in Ukraine stoking fears of an atomic disaster.

Saturday’s offer came hours before the global atomic energy watchdog said Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant had been disconnected from its last remaining main power line to the grid and was now relying on a reserve line.

Amid growing alarm over shelling in the area of Europe’s largest nuclear plant in recent weeks, Ukraine said on Friday it had bombed a Russian base in the nearby town of Enerhodar, destroying three artillery systems as well as an ammunition depot.

Erdogan on Saturday told his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin that “Turkey can play a facilitator role in the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant, as they did in the grain deal”, the Turkish presidency said.

Ukraine, one of the world’s largest grain exporters, was forced to halt almost all deliveries after Russia invaded in late February, raising fears of a global food crisis.

Exports of grain across Black Sea ports resumed after Kyiv and Moscow in July signed a deal, with the United Nations and Turkey acting as guarantors.

There was no immediate mention of Erdogan having also spoken to Ukraine’s President Volodymyr Zelenskyy on Saturday to offer his mediation.

Last month, Erdogan warned of the danger of a nuclear disaster when he visited Lviv for talks with the Ukrainian leader.

The Turkish leader said he wanted to avoid “another Chornobyl”, referring to the world’s worst nuclear accident in another part of Ukraine in 1986, when it was still part of the Soviet Union.


‘Tenuous’ situation at plant

This week, a 14-strong team from the International Atomic Energy Agency visited Zaporizhzhia, with the UN nuclear watchdog’s chief Rafael Grossi saying the site had been damaged in the fighting.

“Ukraine’s Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant (ZNPP) has once again lost the connection to its last remaining main external power line, but the facility is continuing to supply electricity to the grid through a reserve line, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) was informed at the site today,” the agency said in a statement on Saturday.

Al Jazeera’s Gabriel Elizondo, reporting from Kyiv, said the situation at the power plant was “very tenuous at this hour”.

The plant is situated “right on the front line, and it’s right near in and around the area where the Ukrainian military is conducting a counteroffensive in the Kherson region, in southern Ukraine”, Elizondo said.

“It’s important to remember that electricity and power is so critical to nuclear power plants because it has to be kept cool for safety reasons. If a nuclear power plant ever permanently loses, or even temporarily loses all electricity, it could lead to an incredible nuclear disaster.”

The Russian invasion of pro-Western Ukraine has killed thousands of people and caused millions to flee their homes.

Western powers have reacted by dispatching military aid to Kyiv in a bid to stem the Russian advance, and slapping economic sanctions on Moscow.

EU ‘well prepared’ for Russian ‘gas weapon’

On Friday, the Group of Seven major industrial democracies pledged to move urgently to set a price cap on Russian oil imports, a crucial source of revenue for Moscow.

Later, Russian gas giant Gazprom said it had halted gas deliveries to Germany for an indefinite period as there were leaks in a turbine. Its German manufacturer said that was not a valid reason to halt gas flows.

EU Economy Commissioner Paolo Gentiloni however said the EU was in better shape to handle the possibility of a total halt in Russian gas deliveries, thanks to storage capacity and energy-saving measures.

“We are well prepared to resist Russia’s extreme use of the gas weapon,” he told reporters on the sidelines of an economic forum.

In the EU, “gas storage is currently at about 80 percent, thanks to the diversification of supplies” even if the situation varies from one country to another, Gentiloni said.

Ukraine has accused Russia of storing ammunition at Zaporizhzhia and deploying hundreds of soldiers there.

It also suspects Moscow is intending to divert power from the plant to the nearby Crimean Peninsula, annexed by Russia in 2014.

Source: Al Jazeera and news agencies